Leptospirosis MAT

Serum may be tested from any species using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). Patient antibodies are titered and live Leptospira are added to cause an agglutination reaction. Currently the five most prevalent serovars are tested in house; L. canicola, L. grippo, L. hardjo, L. ictero, and L. pomona. Leptospira are commonly transferred in urine from the host or infected patient. Infections may be asymptomatic or cause various signs, including fever, icterus, hemoglobinuria, renal failure, infertility, abortion, and death. Leptospira survive well in mud and alkaline soil.

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